Bolton West: New Boundaries 2018 Calculation

Bolton West: Overview

 Projection: LAB seat 

Implied MP at 2017: Unknown (changed seat)  (LAB)
County/Area: Western Manchester (North West)
Electorate: 77,798
Turnout: 74.2%

 Implied 2017 VotesImplied 2017 Share
LAB28,14948.8%
CON26,10645.2%
UKIP1,7293.0%
LIB1,6692.9%
Green480.1%
LAB Majority2,0433.5%

See overview of other seats in North West.

Bolton West : Political and Demographic indicators

The table below shows some political and demographic numerical indicators for the new Bolton West constituency, the 'North West' area and nation.

The political measures include the Left/Right and International/National axes (what does this mean).

The demographic measures are from the 2011 Census and include categories relating to national identity, economic activity, health and education. These categories are those which have the most relevance to political attitudes.

IndicatorSeatNorth WestAll GB
Party WinnerLABLABCON
Economic Position6° Left
National Position6° Nat2° Nat1° Int
EU Leave %56%54%52%
British Identity22%28%29%
Good Health44%46%48%
UK Born97%92%88%
Good Education27%37%39%
Good Job43%49%51%
High SEC38%48%51%
Average Age47.448.648.5
ABC1 Class40%50%53%

Bolton West ranks #230 for "Leave", #341 for "Right" and #225 for "National" out of 600 new seats.

Indicators: Legend and Descriptions

Indicators : Legend and Descriptions

The colour scheme used in the table above is explained in the legend table below. The eight census indicators (British Identity, Good Health, UK Born, Good Education, Good Job, High SEC, Average Age and AB1 Class) all use the same 'Census' colour scheme indicating whether the area's level is above or below the national average.

TopicCat 1Cat 2Cat 3Cat 4Cat 5
Economic PositionVery LeftLeftCentristRightVery Right
National PositionVery IntInternationalCentristNationalVery Nat
EU Leave %Very RemainRemainBalancedLeaveVery Leave
CensusVery LowLowMediumHighVery High

Indicator definitions are given in terms of political data definitions or census categories:

IndicatorCensus
Question
Definition / Included Census Categories
Party WinnerArea party winner : actual election result or projected by Electoral Calculus
Economic PositionEconomic position between 100° Left and 100° Right, estimated by Electoral Calculus from political and demographic data.
National PositionNational position between 100° International and 100° National, estimated by Electoral Calculus from political and demographic data.
EU Leave %EU Referendum vote share for 'Leave' : actual result or estimate
British IdentityNational Identity (KS202)Those answering British, British-Other, or Scottish-British
Good HealthHealth (KS301)Those answering 'Very Good Health'
UK BornCountry of Birth (QS203)Those answering England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales, GB Other, or UK Other
Good EducationHighest level of Qualification (QS501)Level 3 (A-level equivalent) or Level 4+ (degree equivalent)
Good JobOccupation (QS606)Occupation codes 1xx to 4xx (Managers, Professionals, Associates, and office workers)
High SECNS-SeC of Household Reference Person (QS609)National Statistics Socio-economic Classification from 1 to 4 (higher managers and professionals, lower managers and professionals, intermediate occupations, small employers and self-employed).
Average AgeAge (QS103)Average age of adults (18 years and above)
ABC1 ClassApproximated Social Grade (QS611)Approximated social grades A, B and C1

Bolton West: Map

Boundary Lines courtesy of Ordnance Survey OpenData © Crown copyright 2015

Introduction

This page shows the detail of the calculations performed to estimate the general election result for 2017 had the new boundaries for Bolton West been in force at that time. The basic idea of the calculation is to look at the district council wards which make up the new seat, and estimate how they voted in 2017. This estimate is based on the recent local election results in those wards, with adjustments made to allow for different turnouts and different voting patterns for local and general elections.

In many cases, wards are divided between several old constituencies or between new constituencies. So the same ward may be shown more than once, but the electorate shown will reflect that ward sub-section.

Election results from a recent local election are given. This is usually the local election closest to 2015 from the period 2012-2015. For multiple-member wards, the votes shown are the sum of the votes cast for all candidates of each party. A negative number indicates candidate(s) elected unopposed.

Calculation method

There are two problems with using the raw (actual) local election results to imply general election results ward-by-ward. Firstly, turnout can be different between local and general elections, which means that the total number of local votes cast does not equal the number of votes cast in each old seat at the general election. To correct for this, we adjust the local votes to match the general election turnout. Each ward's result is scaled, whilst keeping constant the percentage support for each party, so that the total turnout adds up to the old seat's general election turnout. All wards in the old seat are assumed to have the same percentage turnout.

Secondly, even though we now have the correct number of votes in the old seat, the party totals will not match the general election result. Some parties do better at the local election than the general election, and others do vice versa. We call these strong and weak parties respectively. The next step is to transfer votes from strong parties to weak parties. This is done by taking votes proportionally away from strong parties and putting them in a transfer pool. For instance if a party got 12,500 local votes, but only 10,000 general election votes, it will lose 20% over all the wards. These votes in each ward will be put in the ward's transfer pool and allocated to the weak parties. Weak parties will get votes transferred to them in proportion to the votes they need over the old seat. For instance, if two weak parties need 4,000 and 1,000 votes respectively, the first party will get 80% of each ward's transfer pool and the second party will get 20% of each ward's transfer pool. The transfer of votes between parties is done using the Electoral Calculus Transition Model.

More details of the calculation formulas are available.

List of old seats forming part of Bolton West

The old seat(s) needed are:

Old seat: Bolton North East

The table shows the transfer-adjusted results for each ward in the old seat of Bolton North East, as well as showing which new seat each ward is in.

Old seat: Bolton North EastTransfer-adjusted Results
DistrictWardElectorate
2017
New SeatCON
Votes
LAB
Votes
LIB
Votes
UKIP
Votes
Green
Votes
NAT
Votes
MIN
Votes
OTH
Votes
Total
Votes
BoltonAstley Bridge9,711Bolton North East3,2692,745245204620006,525
BoltonBradshaw7,975Bolton North East3,1991,850118160330005,360
BoltonBreightmet9,853Bolton North East2,5033,524115448310006,621
BoltonBromley Cross9,513Bolton North East4,0411,902261122680006,394
BoltonCrompton10,787Bolton North East2,1464,69528242850007,250
BoltonHalliwell9,896Bolton West1,6474,628183143480006,649
BoltonTonge with the Haulgh9,499Bolton North East2,2693,526112447310006,385
 Total67,234 19,07422,8701,3161,56635800045,184

The full details of these calculations are given on the Bolton North East seat details page. Click on "Show workings".

Old seat: Bolton West

The table shows the transfer-adjusted results for each ward in the old seat of Bolton West, as well as showing which new seat each ward is in.

Old seat: Bolton WestTransfer-adjusted Results
DistrictWardElectorate
2017
New SeatCON
Votes
LAB
Votes
LIB
Votes
UKIP
Votes
Green
Votes
NAT
Votes
MIN
Votes
OTH
Votes
Total
Votes
BoltonHeaton and Lostock10,351Bolton West4,6332,35416710500007,259
BoltonHorwich and Blackrod9,819Bolton West3,3033,11717928800006,887
BoltonHorwich North East9,516Bolton West3,0913,11730815700006,673
BoltonSmithills10,858Bolton West3,2723,66848219200007,614
BoltonWesthoughton North and Chew Moor10,892Bolton West3,9393,34318816800007,638
BoltonWesthoughton South9,966Bolton West3,2193,34113229800006,990
WiganAtherton11,394Bolton West3,0024,5813037800007,991
 Total72,796 24,45923,5211,4861,586000051,052

The full details of these calculations are given on the Bolton West seat details page. Click on "Show workings".

New seat: Bolton West

The new seat of Bolton West is made up of the following wards, with the transfer-adjusted votes shown.

New seat: Bolton West
DistrictWardElectorate
2017
Old Seat CON
Votes
LAB
Votes
LIB
Votes
UKIP
Votes
Green
Votes
NAT
Votes
MIN
Votes
OTH
Votes
Total
Votes
BoltonHalliwell8,078Bolton North East1,6474,628183143480006,649
BoltonHeaton and Lostock10,303Bolton West4,6332,35416710500007,259
BoltonHorwich and Blackrod9,765Bolton West3,3033,11717928800006,887
BoltonHorwich North East9,590Bolton West3,0913,11730815700006,673
BoltonSmithills9,758Bolton West3,2723,66848219200007,614
BoltonWesthoughton North and Chew Moor10,550Bolton West3,9393,34318816800007,638
BoltonWesthoughton South9,417Bolton West3,2193,34113229800006,990
WiganAtherton10,337Bolton West3,0024,5813037800007,991
 Total77,798 26,10628,1491,6691,7294800057,701

And these are the implied results for 2017 for the new seat of Bolton West.


© 2017 Martin Baxter
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