Harrow South and Kenton: New Boundaries 2018 Calculation

Harrow South and Kenton: Overview

 Projection: LAB seat 

Implied MP at 2017: Gareth Thomas  (LAB)
County/Area: Harrow (London)
Electorate: 78,246
Turnout: 74.4%

 Implied 2017 VotesImplied 2017 Share
LAB32,46555.8%
CON23,41140.2%
LIB1,2152.1%
Green8361.4%
UKIP2740.5%
OTH320.1%
LAB Majority9,05415.5%

See overview of other seats in London.

Harrow South and Kenton : Political and Demographic indicators

The table below shows some political and demographic numerical indicators for the new Harrow South and Kenton constituency, the 'London' area and nation.

The political measures include the Left/Right and International/National axes (what does this mean).

The demographic measures are from the 2011 Census and include categories relating to national identity, economic activity, health and education. These categories are those which have the most relevance to political attitudes.

IndicatorSeatLondonAll GB
Party WinnerLABLABCON
Economic Position14° Right11° Right
National Position25° Int29° Int1° Int
EU Leave %47%40%52%
British Identity28%38%29%
Good Health45%50%48%
UK Born91%64%88%
Good Education32%48%39%
Good Job47%61%51%
High SEC44%55%51%
Average Age48.344.148.5
ABC1 Class45%62%53%

Harrow South and Kenton ranks #436 for "Leave", #42 for "Right" and #550 for "National" out of 600 new seats.

Indicators: Legend and Descriptions

Indicators : Legend and Descriptions

The colour scheme used in the table above is explained in the legend table below. The eight census indicators (British Identity, Good Health, UK Born, Good Education, Good Job, High SEC, Average Age and AB1 Class) all use the same 'Census' colour scheme indicating whether the area's level is above or below the national average.

TopicCat 1Cat 2Cat 3Cat 4Cat 5
Economic PositionVery LeftLeftCentristRightVery Right
National PositionVery IntInternationalCentristNationalVery Nat
EU Leave %Very RemainRemainBalancedLeaveVery Leave
CensusVery LowLowMediumHighVery High

Indicator definitions are given in terms of political data definitions or census categories:

IndicatorCensus
Question
Definition / Included Census Categories
Party WinnerArea party winner : actual election result or projected by Electoral Calculus
Economic PositionEconomic position between 100° Left and 100° Right, estimated by Electoral Calculus from political and demographic data.
National PositionNational position between 100° International and 100° National, estimated by Electoral Calculus from political and demographic data.
EU Leave %EU Referendum vote share for 'Leave' : actual result or estimate
British IdentityNational Identity (KS202)Those answering British, British-Other, or Scottish-British
Good HealthHealth (KS301)Those answering 'Very Good Health'
UK BornCountry of Birth (QS203)Those answering England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales, GB Other, or UK Other
Good EducationHighest level of Qualification (QS501)Level 3 (A-level equivalent) or Level 4+ (degree equivalent)
Good JobOccupation (QS606)Occupation codes 1xx to 4xx (Managers, Professionals, Associates, and office workers)
High SECNS-SeC of Household Reference Person (QS609)National Statistics Socio-economic Classification from 1 to 4 (higher managers and professionals, lower managers and professionals, intermediate occupations, small employers and self-employed).
Average AgeAge (QS103)Average age of adults (18 years and above)
ABC1 ClassApproximated Social Grade (QS611)Approximated social grades A, B and C1

Harrow South and Kenton: Map

Boundary Lines courtesy of Ordnance Survey OpenData © Crown copyright 2015

Introduction

This page shows the detail of the calculations performed to estimate the general election result for 2017 had the new boundaries for Harrow South and Kenton been in force at that time. The basic idea of the calculation is to look at the district council wards which make up the new seat, and estimate how they voted in 2017. This estimate is based on the recent local election results in those wards, with adjustments made to allow for different turnouts and different voting patterns for local and general elections.

In many cases, wards are divided between several old constituencies or between new constituencies. So the same ward may be shown more than once, but the electorate shown will reflect that ward sub-section.

Election results from a recent local election are given. This is usually the local election closest to 2015 from the period 2012-2015. For multiple-member wards, the votes shown are the sum of the votes cast for all candidates of each party. A negative number indicates candidate(s) elected unopposed.

Calculation method

There are two problems with using the raw (actual) local election results to imply general election results ward-by-ward. Firstly, turnout can be different between local and general elections, which means that the total number of local votes cast does not equal the number of votes cast in each old seat at the general election. To correct for this, we adjust the local votes to match the general election turnout. Each ward's result is scaled, whilst keeping constant the percentage support for each party, so that the total turnout adds up to the old seat's general election turnout. All wards in the old seat are assumed to have the same percentage turnout.

Secondly, even though we now have the correct number of votes in the old seat, the party totals will not match the general election result. Some parties do better at the local election than the general election, and others do vice versa. We call these strong and weak parties respectively. The next step is to transfer votes from strong parties to weak parties. This is done by taking votes proportionally away from strong parties and putting them in a transfer pool. For instance if a party got 12,500 local votes, but only 10,000 general election votes, it will lose 20% over all the wards. These votes in each ward will be put in the ward's transfer pool and allocated to the weak parties. Weak parties will get votes transferred to them in proportion to the votes they need over the old seat. For instance, if two weak parties need 4,000 and 1,000 votes respectively, the first party will get 80% of each ward's transfer pool and the second party will get 20% of each ward's transfer pool. The transfer of votes between parties is done using the Electoral Calculus Transition Model.

More details of the calculation formulas are available.

List of old seats forming part of Harrow South and Kenton

The old seat(s) needed are:

Old seat: Brent North

The table shows the transfer-adjusted results for each ward in the old seat of Brent North, as well as showing which new seat each ward is in.

Old seat: Brent NorthTransfer-adjusted Results
DistrictWardElectorate
2017
New SeatCON
Votes
LAB
Votes
LIB
Votes
UKIP
Votes
Green
Votes
NAT
Votes
MIN
Votes
OTH
Votes
Total
Votes
BrentAlperton9,004Wembley1,2464,55128205200246,155
BrentBarnhill10,168Wembley2,2034,50593010500466,952
BrentFryent8,619Wembley1,7823,77125007700125,892
BrentKenton7,800Harrow South and Kenton3,0712,1275007300125,333
BrentNorthwick Park8,235Greenford and Sudbury2,3783,115900370095,629
BrentPreston9,890Wembley2,5603,94386012300496,761
BrentQueensbury9,734Harrow South and Kenton2,5753,734223010300206,655
BrentSudbury9,621Greenford and Sudbury1,3534,84529104400456,578
BrentWembley Central9,484Wembley1,2674,90424704500206,483
 Total82,555 18,43535,4951,61206590023756,438

The full details of these calculations are given on the Brent North seat details page. Click on "Show workings".

Old seat: Harrow East

The table shows the transfer-adjusted results for each ward in the old seat of Harrow East, as well as showing which new seat each ward is in.

Old seat: Harrow EastTransfer-adjusted Results
DistrictWardElectorate
2017
New SeatCON
Votes
LAB
Votes
LIB
Votes
UKIP
Votes
Green
Votes
NAT
Votes
MIN
Votes
OTH
Votes
Total
Votes
HarrowBelmont7,869Harrow North3,1272,2481400620005,577
HarrowCanons8,630Harrow North3,7262,1871720300006,115
HarrowEdgware8,057Harrow South and Kenton2,2893,2221100880005,709
HarrowHarrow Weald7,837Harrow North2,5812,2686360690005,554
HarrowKenton East7,713Harrow South and Kenton2,3242,974840840005,466
HarrowKenton West7,733Harrow South and Kenton2,8692,4621090390005,479
HarrowQueensbury8,281Harrow South and Kenton2,5902,99012701600005,867
HarrowStanmore Park7,720Harrow North3,7701,67250230005,470
HarrowWealdstone7,916Harrow North1,8543,35019002150005,609
 Total71,756 25,13023,3731,573077000050,846

The full details of these calculations are given on the Harrow East seat details page. Click on "Show workings".

Old seat: Harrow West

The table shows the transfer-adjusted results for each ward in the old seat of Harrow West, as well as showing which new seat each ward is in.

Old seat: Harrow WestTransfer-adjusted Results
DistrictWardElectorate
2017
New SeatCON
Votes
LAB
Votes
LIB
Votes
UKIP
Votes
Green
Votes
NAT
Votes
MIN
Votes
OTH
Votes
Total
Votes
HarrowGreenhill8,316Harrow South and Kenton1,9633,569163912130005,999
HarrowHarrow on the Hill8,217Harrow South and Kenton2,4993,16199125450005,929
HarrowHeadstone North6,765Harrow North2,2062,4669194240004,881
HarrowHeadstone South7,472Harrow North1,8553,3231303810005,392
HarrowMarlborough8,213Harrow North1,7543,95448121590005,927
HarrowRayners Lane7,515Harrow North1,9792,96334269690005,422
HarrowRoxbourne8,587Harrow South and Kenton1,5424,42516837220006,194
HarrowRoxeth7,765Harrow South and Kenton1,6893,801822190005,602
HarrowWest Harrow6,947Harrow North1,8392,97814419310005,011
 Total69,797 17,32630,6401,26747165300050,357

The full details of these calculations are given on the Harrow West seat details page. Click on "Show workings".

New seat: Harrow South and Kenton

The new seat of Harrow South and Kenton is made up of the following wards, with the transfer-adjusted votes shown.

New seat: Harrow South and Kenton
DistrictWardElectorate
2017
Old Seat CON
Votes
LAB
Votes
LIB
Votes
UKIP
Votes
Green
Votes
NAT
Votes
MIN
Votes
OTH
Votes
Total
Votes
BrentKenton8,568Brent North3,0712,1275007300125,333
BrentQueensbury9,697Brent North2,5753,734223010300206,655
HarrowEdgware7,014Harrow East2,2893,2221100880005,709
HarrowGreenhill7,343Harrow West1,9633,569163912130005,999
HarrowHarrow on the Hill7,357Harrow West2,4993,16199125450005,929
HarrowKenton East7,329Harrow East2,3242,974840840005,466
HarrowKenton West8,036Harrow East2,8692,4621090390005,479
HarrowQueensbury7,392Harrow East2,5902,99012701600005,867
HarrowRoxbourne8,078Harrow West1,5424,42516837220006,194
HarrowRoxeth7,432Harrow West1,6893,801822190005,602
 Total78,246 23,41132,4651,215274836003258,233

And these are the implied results for 2017 for the new seat of Harrow South and Kenton.


© 2017 Martin Baxter
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