Neath: New Boundaries 2018 Calculation

Neath: Overview

 Projection: LAB seat 

Implied MP at 2017: Christina Rees  (LAB)
County/Area: West Glamorgan (Wales)
Electorate: 74,621
Turnout: 69.4%

 Implied 2017 VotesImplied 2017 Share
LAB31,46560.8%
CON10,98421.2%
Plaid6,38812.3%
UKIP1,8093.5%
LIB1,1132.2%
LAB Majority20,48139.6%

See overview of other seats in Wales.

Neath : Political and Demographic indicators

The table below shows some political and demographic numerical indicators for the new Neath constituency, the 'Wales' area and nation.

The political measures include the Left/Right and International/National axes (what does this mean).

The demographic measures are from the 2011 Census and include categories relating to national identity, economic activity, health and education. These categories are those which have the most relevance to political attitudes.

IndicatorSeatWalesAll GB
Party WinnerLABLABCON
Economic Position19° Left10° Left
National Position3° Int3° Int1° Int
EU Leave %56%53%52%
British Identity31%26%29%
Good Health53%47%48%
UK Born89%95%88%
Good Education51%36%39%
Good Job66%46%51%
High SEC70%46%51%
Average Age52.349.648.5
ABC1 Class70%47%53%

Neath ranks #242 for "Leave", #569 for "Right" and #420 for "National" out of 600 new seats.

Indicators: Legend and Descriptions

Indicators : Legend and Descriptions

The colour scheme used in the table above is explained in the legend table below. The eight census indicators (British Identity, Good Health, UK Born, Good Education, Good Job, High SEC, Average Age and AB1 Class) all use the same 'Census' colour scheme indicating whether the area's level is above or below the national average.

TopicCat 1Cat 2Cat 3Cat 4Cat 5
Economic PositionVery LeftLeftCentristRightVery Right
National PositionVery IntInternationalCentristNationalVery Nat
EU Leave %Very RemainRemainBalancedLeaveVery Leave
CensusVery LowLowMediumHighVery High

Indicator definitions are given in terms of political data definitions or census categories:

IndicatorCensus
Question
Definition / Included Census Categories
Party WinnerArea party winner : actual election result or projected by Electoral Calculus
Economic PositionEconomic position between 100° Left and 100° Right, estimated by Electoral Calculus from political and demographic data.
National PositionNational position between 100° International and 100° National, estimated by Electoral Calculus from political and demographic data.
EU Leave %EU Referendum vote share for 'Leave' : actual result or estimate
British IdentityNational Identity (KS202)Those answering British, British-Other, or Scottish-British
Good HealthHealth (KS301)Those answering 'Very Good Health'
UK BornCountry of Birth (QS203)Those answering England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales, GB Other, or UK Other
Good EducationHighest level of Qualification (QS501)Level 3 (A-level equivalent) or Level 4+ (degree equivalent)
Good JobOccupation (QS606)Occupation codes 1xx to 4xx (Managers, Professionals, Associates, and office workers)
High SECNS-SeC of Household Reference Person (QS609)National Statistics Socio-economic Classification from 1 to 4 (higher managers and professionals, lower managers and professionals, intermediate occupations, small employers and self-employed).
Average AgeAge (QS103)Average age of adults (18 years and above)
ABC1 ClassApproximated Social Grade (QS611)Approximated social grades A, B and C1

Neath: Map

Boundary Lines courtesy of Ordnance Survey OpenData © Crown copyright 2015

Introduction

This page shows the detail of the calculations performed to estimate the general election result for 2017 had the new boundaries for Neath been in force at that time. The basic idea of the calculation is to look at the district council wards which make up the new seat, and estimate how they voted in 2017. This estimate is based on the recent local election results in those wards, with adjustments made to allow for different turnouts and different voting patterns for local and general elections.

In many cases, wards are divided between several old constituencies or between new constituencies. So the same ward may be shown more than once, but the electorate shown will reflect that ward sub-section.

Election results from a recent local election are given. This is usually the local election closest to 2015 from the period 2012-2015. For multiple-member wards, the votes shown are the sum of the votes cast for all candidates of each party. A negative number indicates candidate(s) elected unopposed.

Calculation method

There are two problems with using the raw (actual) local election results to imply general election results ward-by-ward. Firstly, turnout can be different between local and general elections, which means that the total number of local votes cast does not equal the number of votes cast in each old seat at the general election. To correct for this, we adjust the local votes to match the general election turnout. Each ward's result is scaled, whilst keeping constant the percentage support for each party, so that the total turnout adds up to the old seat's general election turnout. All wards in the old seat are assumed to have the same percentage turnout.

Secondly, even though we now have the correct number of votes in the old seat, the party totals will not match the general election result. Some parties do better at the local election than the general election, and others do vice versa. We call these strong and weak parties respectively. The next step is to transfer votes from strong parties to weak parties. This is done by taking votes proportionally away from strong parties and putting them in a transfer pool. For instance if a party got 12,500 local votes, but only 10,000 general election votes, it will lose 20% over all the wards. These votes in each ward will be put in the ward's transfer pool and allocated to the weak parties. Weak parties will get votes transferred to them in proportion to the votes they need over the old seat. For instance, if two weak parties need 4,000 and 1,000 votes respectively, the first party will get 80% of each ward's transfer pool and the second party will get 20% of each ward's transfer pool. The transfer of votes between parties is done using the Electoral Calculus Transition Model.

More details of the calculation formulas are available.

List of old seats forming part of Neath

The old seat(s) needed are:

Old seat: Aberavon

The table shows the transfer-adjusted results for each ward in the old seat of Aberavon, as well as showing which new seat each ward is in.

Old seat: AberavonTransfer-adjusted Results
DistrictWardElectorate
2017
New SeatCON
Votes
LAB
Votes
LIB
Votes
UKIP
Votes
Green
Votes
Plaid
Votes
MIN
Votes
OTH
Votes
Total
Votes
Neath Port TalbotAberavon4,114Ogmore and Aberavon5091,73681200371002,744
Neath Port TalbotBaglan5,150Ogmore and Aberavon9172,028571710262003,435
Neath Port TalbotBriton Ferry East2,186Neath1431,2212411058001,457
Neath Port TalbotBriton Ferry West2,265Neath931,336011071001,511
Neath Port TalbotBryn and Cwmavon4,930Neath6062,25291550266003,288
Neath Port TalbotCoedffranc Central3,053Neath3501,26725770318002,037
Neath Port TalbotCoedffranc North1,820Neath19978512723080001,214
Neath Port TalbotCoedffranc West1,958Neath29073117130084001,306
Neath Port TalbotCymmer2,131Neath531,279022068001,422
Neath Port TalbotGlyncorrwg827Neath9636903405200551
Neath Port TalbotGwynfi1,027Neath71511252805000685
Neath Port TalbotMargam2,284Ogmore and Aberavon57475430560109001,523
Neath Port TalbotPort Talbot4,257Ogmore and Aberavon6261,819751150203002,838
Neath Port TalbotSandfields East5,258Ogmore and Aberavon6882,27761950339003,505
Neath Port TalbotSandfields West5,018Ogmore and Aberavon4032,423381970286003,347
Neath Port TalbotTai-bach3,611Ogmore and Aberavon2841,87451000145002,408
 Total49,889 5,90222,6626001,34502,7620033,271

The full details of these calculations are given on the Aberavon seat details page. Click on "Show workings".

Old seat: Neath

The table shows the transfer-adjusted results for each ward in the old seat of Neath, as well as showing which new seat each ward is in.

Old seat: NeathTransfer-adjusted Results
DistrictWardElectorate
2017
New SeatCON
Votes
LAB
Votes
LIB
Votes
UKIP
Votes
Green
Votes
Plaid
Votes
MIN
Votes
OTH
Votes
Total
Votes
Neath Port TalbotAberdulais1,818Neath3047283240186001,245
Neath Port TalbotAllt-wen1,743Neath20178221210170001,195
Neath Port TalbotBlaengwrach1,507Neath1796562470149001,033
Neath Port TalbotBryn-cch North1,701Neath47039224630217001,166
Neath Port TalbotBryn-cch South4,425Neath9471,528231200415003,033
Neath Port TalbotCadoxton1,276Neath1754791711004100876
Neath Port TalbotCimla2,966Neath3881,324144680110002,034
Neath Port TalbotCrynant1,448Neath1865732739016700992
Neath Port TalbotCwmllynfell891Neath793921023010600610
Neath Port TalbotDyffryn2,388Neath63250191150378001,635
Neath Port TalbotGlynneath2,601Neath3929725590356001,784
Neath Port TalbotGodre'r graig1,236Neath159494420016900846
Neath Port TalbotGwaun-Cae-Gurwen2,207Neath26488518390307001,513
Neath Port TalbotLower Brynamman1,005Neath365528708700690
Neath Port TalbotNeath East4,860Neath5452,20246800457003,330
Neath Port TalbotNeath North3,023Neath4361,4346800117002,073
Neath Port TalbotNeath South3,758Neath6051,64536960193002,575
Neath Port TalbotOnllwyn901Neath8143422507600618
Neath Port TalbotPelenna871Neath22123744908700598
Neath Port TalbotPontardawe4,126Neath7081,402561100552002,828
Neath Port TalbotResolven2,384Neath2621,11612460198001,634
Neath Port TalbotRhos1,873Neath42366614480133001,284
Neath Port TalbotSeven Sisters1,608Neath4394931174085001,102
Neath Port TalbotTonna1,889Neath3807541754090001,295
Neath Port TalbotTrebanos1,055Neath2432652536015400723
Neath Port TalbotYstalyfera2,298Neath32880834650341001,576
 Total55,858 9,08321,7147321,41805,3410038,288

The full details of these calculations are given on the Neath seat details page. Click on "Show workings".

New seat: Neath

The new seat of Neath is made up of the following wards, with the transfer-adjusted votes shown.

New seat: Neath
DistrictWardElectorate
2017
Old Seat CON
Votes
LAB
Votes
LIB
Votes
UKIP
Votes
Green
Votes
Plaid
Votes
MIN
Votes
OTH
Votes
Total
Votes
Neath Port TalbotAberdulais1,780Neath3047283240186001,245
Neath Port TalbotAllt-wen1,707Neath20178221210170001,195
Neath Port TalbotBlaengwrach1,476Neath1796562470149001,033
Neath Port TalbotBriton Ferry East2,119Aberavon1431,2212411058001,457
Neath Port TalbotBriton Ferry West1,977Aberavon931,336011071001,511
Neath Port TalbotBryn and Cwmavon5,018Aberavon6062,25291550266003,288
Neath Port TalbotBryn-cch North1,665Neath47039224630217001,166
Neath Port TalbotBryn-cch South4,333Neath9471,528231200415003,033
Neath Port TalbotCadoxton1,249Neath1754791711004100876
Neath Port TalbotCimla2,904Neath3881,324144680110002,034
Neath Port TalbotCoedffranc Central2,733Aberavon3501,26725770318002,037
Neath Port TalbotCoedffranc North1,752Aberavon19978512723080001,214
Neath Port TalbotCoedffranc West2,629Aberavon29073117130084001,306
Neath Port TalbotCrynant1,418Neath1865732739016700992
Neath Port TalbotCwmllynfell872Neath793921023010600610
Neath Port TalbotCymmer2,015Aberavon531,279022068001,422
Neath Port TalbotDyffryn2,338Neath63250191150378001,635
Neath Port TalbotGlyncorrwg792Aberavon9636903405200551
Neath Port TalbotGlynneath2,547Neath3929725590356001,784
Neath Port TalbotGodre'r graig1,210Neath159494420016900846
Neath Port TalbotGwaun-Cae-Gurwen2,161Neath26488518390307001,513
Neath Port TalbotGwynfi895Aberavon71511252805000685
Neath Port TalbotLower Brynamman984Neath365528708700690
Neath Port TalbotNeath East4,758Neath5452,20246800457003,330
Neath Port TalbotNeath North2,960Neath4361,4346800117002,073
Neath Port TalbotNeath South3,679Neath6051,64536960193002,575
Neath Port TalbotOnllwyn882Neath8143422507600618
Neath Port TalbotPelenna853Neath22123744908700598
Neath Port TalbotPontardawe4,040Neath7081,402561100552002,828
Neath Port TalbotResolven2,334Neath2621,11612460198001,634
Neath Port TalbotRhos1,834Neath42366614480133001,284
Neath Port TalbotSeven Sisters1,574Neath4394931174085001,102
Neath Port TalbotTonna1,850Neath3807541754090001,295
Neath Port TalbotTrebanos1,033Neath2432652536015400723
Neath Port TalbotYstalyfera2,250Neath32880834650341001,576
 Total74,621 10,98431,4651,1131,80906,3880051,759

And these are the implied results for 2017 for the new seat of Neath.


© 2017 Martin Baxter
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