St Albans: New Boundaries 2018 Calculation

St Albans: Overview

 Projection: CON seat 

Implied MP at 2017: Anne Main  (CON)
County/Area: Hertfordshire (Anglia)
Electorate: 75,773
Turnout: 78.5%

 Implied 2017 VotesImplied 2017 Share
CON26,43344.5%
LIB17,63229.7%
LAB14,24224.0%
Green8431.4%
UKIP2990.5%
CON Majority8,80114.8%

See overview of other seats in Anglia.

St Albans : Political and Demographic indicators

The table below shows some political and demographic numerical indicators for the new St Albans constituency, the 'Anglia' area and nation.

The political measures include the Left/Right and International/National axes (what does this mean).

The demographic measures are from the 2011 Census and include categories relating to national identity, economic activity, health and education. These categories are those which have the most relevance to political attitudes.

IndicatorSeatAngliaAll GB
Party WinnerCONCONCON
Economic Position5° Right8° Right
National Position4° Int10° Nat1° Int
EU Leave %39%57%52%
British Identity27%27%29%
Good Health47%47%48%
UK Born84%89%88%
Good Education39%37%39%
Good Job44%53%51%
High SEC40%53%51%
Average Age43.549.448.5
ABC1 Class49%55%53%

St Albans ranks #522 for "Leave", #207 for "Right" and #431 for "National" out of 600 new seats.

Indicators: Legend and Descriptions

Indicators : Legend and Descriptions

The colour scheme used in the table above is explained in the legend table below. The eight census indicators (British Identity, Good Health, UK Born, Good Education, Good Job, High SEC, Average Age and AB1 Class) all use the same 'Census' colour scheme indicating whether the area's level is above or below the national average.

TopicCat 1Cat 2Cat 3Cat 4Cat 5
Economic PositionVery LeftLeftCentristRightVery Right
National PositionVery IntInternationalCentristNationalVery Nat
EU Leave %Very RemainRemainBalancedLeaveVery Leave
CensusVery LowLowMediumHighVery High

Indicator definitions are given in terms of political data definitions or census categories:

IndicatorCensus
Question
Definition / Included Census Categories
Party WinnerArea party winner : actual election result or projected by Electoral Calculus
Economic PositionEconomic position between 100° Left and 100° Right, estimated by Electoral Calculus from political and demographic data.
National PositionNational position between 100° International and 100° National, estimated by Electoral Calculus from political and demographic data.
EU Leave %EU Referendum vote share for 'Leave' : actual result or estimate
British IdentityNational Identity (KS202)Those answering British, British-Other, or Scottish-British
Good HealthHealth (KS301)Those answering 'Very Good Health'
UK BornCountry of Birth (QS203)Those answering England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales, GB Other, or UK Other
Good EducationHighest level of Qualification (QS501)Level 3 (A-level equivalent) or Level 4+ (degree equivalent)
Good JobOccupation (QS606)Occupation codes 1xx to 4xx (Managers, Professionals, Associates, and office workers)
High SECNS-SeC of Household Reference Person (QS609)National Statistics Socio-economic Classification from 1 to 4 (higher managers and professionals, lower managers and professionals, intermediate occupations, small employers and self-employed).
Average AgeAge (QS103)Average age of adults (18 years and above)
ABC1 ClassApproximated Social Grade (QS611)Approximated social grades A, B and C1

St Albans: Map

Boundary Lines courtesy of Ordnance Survey OpenData © Crown copyright 2015

Introduction

This page shows the detail of the calculations performed to estimate the general election result for 2017 had the new boundaries for St Albans been in force at that time. The basic idea of the calculation is to look at the district council wards which make up the new seat, and estimate how they voted in 2017. This estimate is based on the recent local election results in those wards, with adjustments made to allow for different turnouts and different voting patterns for local and general elections.

In many cases, wards are divided between several old constituencies or between new constituencies. So the same ward may be shown more than once, but the electorate shown will reflect that ward sub-section.

Election results from a recent local election are given. This is usually the local election closest to 2015 from the period 2012-2015. For multiple-member wards, the votes shown are the sum of the votes cast for all candidates of each party. A negative number indicates candidate(s) elected unopposed.

Calculation method

There are two problems with using the raw (actual) local election results to imply general election results ward-by-ward. Firstly, turnout can be different between local and general elections, which means that the total number of local votes cast does not equal the number of votes cast in each old seat at the general election. To correct for this, we adjust the local votes to match the general election turnout. Each ward's result is scaled, whilst keeping constant the percentage support for each party, so that the total turnout adds up to the old seat's general election turnout. All wards in the old seat are assumed to have the same percentage turnout.

Secondly, even though we now have the correct number of votes in the old seat, the party totals will not match the general election result. Some parties do better at the local election than the general election, and others do vice versa. We call these strong and weak parties respectively. The next step is to transfer votes from strong parties to weak parties. This is done by taking votes proportionally away from strong parties and putting them in a transfer pool. For instance if a party got 12,500 local votes, but only 10,000 general election votes, it will lose 20% over all the wards. These votes in each ward will be put in the ward's transfer pool and allocated to the weak parties. Weak parties will get votes transferred to them in proportion to the votes they need over the old seat. For instance, if two weak parties need 4,000 and 1,000 votes respectively, the first party will get 80% of each ward's transfer pool and the second party will get 20% of each ward's transfer pool. The transfer of votes between parties is done using the Electoral Calculus Transition Model.

More details of the calculation formulas are available.

List of old seats forming part of St Albans

The old seat(s) needed are:

Old seat: St Albans

The table shows the transfer-adjusted results for each ward in the old seat of St Albans, as well as showing which new seat each ward is in.

Old seat: St AlbansTransfer-adjusted Results
DistrictWardElectorate
2017
New SeatCON
Votes
LAB
Votes
LIB
Votes
UKIP
Votes
Green
Votes
NAT
Votes
MIN
Votes
OTH
Votes
Total
Votes
St AlbansAshley5,918St Albans1,6631,3041,5740910004,632
St AlbansBatchwood5,754St Albans1,8081,3771,2740460004,505
St AlbansClarence5,128St Albans1,5148361,5830810004,014
St AlbansColney Heath4,433St Albans1,4076081,4280280003,471
St AlbansCunningham4,885St Albans1,3809451,4650340003,824
St AlbansLondon Colney7,097Hertsmere2,3711,8621,2920300005,555
St AlbansMarshalswick North4,850St Albans1,6976161,4440400003,797
St AlbansMarshalswick South5,471St Albans2,0087911,4020820004,283
St AlbansPark Street5,453St Albans2,0447521,4460270004,269
St AlbansSopwell5,493St Albans1,3591,4631,3860910004,299
St AlbansSt Peters5,655St Albans2,0401,2011,00401820004,427
St AlbansSt Stephen4,884St Albans2,2264831,0980170003,824
St AlbansVerulam4,759St Albans1,9644431,2480710003,726
Three RiversAbbots Langley and Bedmond1,042St Albans36314131002000816
Three RiversGade Valley1,989Hemel Hempstead728315508050001,556
 Total72,811 24,57213,13718,462082700056,998

The full details of these calculations are given on the St Albans seat details page. Click on "Show workings".

Old seat: Watford

The table shows the transfer-adjusted results for each ward in the old seat of Watford, as well as showing which new seat each ward is in.

Old seat: WatfordTransfer-adjusted Results
DistrictWardElectorate
2017
New SeatCON
Votes
LAB
Votes
LIB
Votes
UKIP
Votes
Green
Votes
NAT
Votes
MIN
Votes
OTH
Votes
Total
Votes
Three RiversAbbots Langley and Bedmond3,839St Albans1,41779432646180002,601
Three RiversCarpenders Park3,687Watford1,42978916011910002,498
Three RiversGade Valley3,057Hemel Hempstead1,16467519321190002,072
Three RiversLeavesden5,002St Albans1,8011,1423469280003,389
Three RiversOxhey Hall and Hayling2,514Watford8536461337020001,704
WatfordCallowland5,642Watford1,4141,932278521470003,823
WatfordCentral6,181Watford1,5662,10936561870004,188
WatfordHolywell6,564Watford1,3182,75924697270004,447
WatfordLeggatts5,677Watford1,5361,95525465360003,846
WatfordMeriden5,957Watford1,7831,732330167250004,037
WatfordNascot5,775Watford2,1501,24344231480003,914
WatfordOxhey5,154Watford1,6521,27149210660003,491
WatfordPark5,867Watford2,1701,29842929490003,975
WatfordStanborough5,457Watford1,8021,28845775770003,699
WatfordTudor4,627Watford1,6771,07428754430003,135
WatfordVicarage6,273Watford1,2712,59530635430004,250
WatfordWoodside5,231St Albans1,7281,338292161250003,544
 Total86,504 26,73124,6405,3361,18572100058,613

The full details of these calculations are given on the Watford seat details page. Click on "Show workings".

Old seat: Welwyn Hatfield

The table shows the transfer-adjusted results for each ward in the old seat of Welwyn Hatfield, as well as showing which new seat each ward is in.

Old seat: Welwyn HatfieldTransfer-adjusted Results
DistrictWardElectorate
2017
New SeatCON
Votes
LAB
Votes
LIB
Votes
UKIP
Votes
Green
Votes
NAT
Votes
MIN
Votes
OTH
Votes
Total
Votes
St AlbansColney Heath40St Albans14860000028
Welwyn HatfieldBrookmans Park and Little Heath4,083Welwyn Hatfield2,1984971514380062,894
Welwyn HatfieldHaldens4,426Welwyn Hatfield1,4661,287205127490043,138
Welwyn HatfieldHandside4,709Welwyn Hatfield1,8048495988740043,337
Welwyn HatfieldHatfield Central4,904Welwyn Hatfield1,4421,5631982045600133,476
Welwyn HatfieldHatfield East4,689Welwyn Hatfield1,6651,32218367770093,323
Welwyn HatfieldHatfield South5,263Welwyn Hatfield1,3181,860342144580093,731
Welwyn HatfieldHatfield Villages5,781Welwyn Hatfield2,0801,65320260950074,097
Welwyn HatfieldHatfield West6,394Welwyn Hatfield1,9931,9703201411010084,533
Welwyn HatfieldHollybush5,024Welwyn Hatfield1,7971,451133147280073,563
Welwyn HatfieldHowlands4,180Welwyn Hatfield1,3961,231162137340042,964
Welwyn HatfieldPanshanger4,557Welwyn Hatfield1,7691,133181832300403,229
Welwyn HatfieldPeartree5,267Welwyn Hatfield1,4581,641405191350033,733
Welwyn HatfieldSherrards4,098Welwyn Hatfield1,67090122831730032,906
Welwyn HatfieldWelham Green2,581Welwyn Hatfield96246230578180041,829
Welwyn HatfieldWelwyn East4,119Welwyn Hatfield2,0936291537360022,920
Welwyn HatfieldWelwyn West2,774Welwyn Hatfield1,24754866104000551,966
 Total72,889 26,37219,0053,8381,4398350017851,667

The full details of these calculations are given on the Welwyn Hatfield seat details page. Click on "Show workings".

New seat: St Albans

The new seat of St Albans is made up of the following wards, with the transfer-adjusted votes shown.

New seat: St Albans
DistrictWardElectorate
2017
Old Seat CON
Votes
LAB
Votes
LIB
Votes
UKIP
Votes
Green
Votes
NAT
Votes
MIN
Votes
OTH
Votes
Total
Votes
St AlbansAshley5,344St Albans1,6631,3041,5740910004,632
St AlbansBatchwood5,128St Albans1,8081,3771,2740460004,505
St AlbansClarence4,887St Albans1,5148361,5830810004,014
St AlbansColney Heath4,228St Albans1,4086111,4210280003,468
St AlbansColney Heath38Welwyn Hatfield135130000031
St AlbansCunningham4,525St Albans1,3809451,4650340003,824
St AlbansMarshalswick North4,820St Albans1,6976161,4440400003,797
St AlbansMarshalswick South5,118St Albans2,0087911,4020820004,283
St AlbansPark Street5,464St Albans2,0447521,4460270004,269
St AlbansSopwell4,950St Albans1,3591,4631,3860910004,299
St AlbansSt Peters5,512St Albans2,0401,2011,00401820004,427
St AlbansSt Stephen5,183St Albans2,2264831,0980170003,824
St AlbansVerulam5,260St Albans1,9644431,2480710003,726
Three RiversAbbots Langley and Bedmond1,061St Albans380200136104000730
Three RiversAbbots Langley and Bedmond3,911Watford1,40073550036160002,687
Three RiversLeavesden5,111Watford1,8011,1423469280003,389
WatfordWoodside5,233Watford1,7281,338292161250003,544
 Total75,773 26,43314,24217,63229984300059,449

And these are the implied results for 2017 for the new seat of St Albans.


© 2017 Martin Baxter
Powered by TigerLib (11-Sep-2017 15:41)