Blackburn: Seat, Ward and Prediction Details

Blackburn: Overview

 Prediction: LAB hold 

MP at 2017: Kate Hollern  (LAB)
County/Area: Lancashire (North West)
Electorate: 70,657
Turnout: 67.2%
2017
Votes
2017
Share
Predicted
Votes
LAB33,14869.8%68.8%
CON12,78026.9%23.7%
MIN8751.8%1.8%
LIB7091.5%1.5%
UKIP00.0%3.0%
Green00.0%1.2%
LAB Majority20,36842.9%Pred Maj 45.1%
Chance of
winning
LAB
98%
CON
2%
MIN
0%
LIB
0%
UKIP
0%
Green
0%

Blackburn : Political and Demographic indicators

The table below shows some political and demographic numerical indicators for the Blackburn constituency, the 'North West' area and nation.

The political measures include the Left/Right and International/National axes (what does this mean).

The demographic measures are from the 2011 Census and include categories relating to national identity, economic activity, health and education. These categories are those which have the most relevance to political attitudes.

IndicatorSeatNorth WestAll GB
Party WinnerLABLABCON
Economic Position7° Left6° Left
National Position3° Nat2° Nat1° Int
EU Leave %57%54%52%
British Identity42%28%29%
Good Health45%46%48%
UK Born81%92%88%
Good Education29%37%39%
Good Job41%49%51%
High SEC37%48%51%
Average Age46.048.648.5
ABC1 Class38%50%53%

Blackburn ranks #243 for "Leave", #465 for "Right" and #299 for "National" out of 650 seats.

Indicators: Legend and Descriptions

Indicators : Legend and Descriptions

The colour scheme used in the table above is explained in the legend table below. The eight census indicators (British Identity, Good Health, UK Born, Good Education, Good Job, High SEC, Average Age and AB1 Class) all use the same 'Census' colour scheme indicating whether the area's level is above or below the national average.

TopicCat 1Cat 2Cat 3Cat 4Cat 5
Economic PositionVery LeftLeftCentristRightVery Right
National PositionVery IntInternationalCentristNationalVery Nat
EU Leave %Very RemainRemainBalancedLeaveVery Leave
CensusVery LowLowMediumHighVery High

Indicator definitions are given in terms of political data definitions or census categories:

IndicatorCensus
Question
Definition / Included Census Categories
Party WinnerArea party winner : actual election result or projected by Electoral Calculus
Economic PositionEconomic position between 100° Left and 100° Right, estimated by Electoral Calculus from political and demographic data.
National PositionNational position between 100° International and 100° National, estimated by Electoral Calculus from political and demographic data.
EU Leave %EU Referendum vote share for 'Leave' : actual result or estimate
British IdentityNational Identity (KS202)Those answering British, British-Other, or Scottish-British
Good HealthHealth (KS301)Those answering 'Very Good Health'
UK BornCountry of Birth (QS203)Those answering England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales, GB Other, or UK Other
Good EducationHighest level of Qualification (QS501)Level 3 (A-level equivalent) or Level 4+ (degree equivalent)
Good JobOccupation (QS606)Occupation codes 1xx to 4xx (Managers, Professionals, Associates, and office workers)
High SECNS-SeC of Household Reference Person (QS609)National Statistics Socio-economic Classification from 1 to 4 (higher managers and professionals, lower managers and professionals, intermediate occupations, small employers and self-employed).
Average AgeAge (QS103)Average age of adults (18 years and above)
ABC1 ClassApproximated Social Grade (QS611)Approximated social grades A, B and C1

Blackburn: Map

Boundary Lines courtesy of Ordnance Survey OpenData © Crown copyright 2015

Blackburn: Ward-by-ward

Workings for Blackburn

This section gives an estimate of the votes cast in each ward of Blackburn at the general election of 2017. The official ward breakdowns are not officially tabulated or published, so these numbers are only approximate. The basic idea of the calculation is to look at the district council wards which make up the new seat, and estimate how they voted in 2017, and also to predict how they will vote at the next election. These estimates are based both on the recent local election results and the Census 2011 demography in those wards, with adjustments made to allow for different turnouts and different voting patterns for local and general elections.

Usuallly each ward lies entirely within a single constituency, but some large wards are split between several constituencies (particularly in Scotland and Northern Ireland). The electorate figure shown is the estimate of the electorate which is common to both the constituency and the particular ward, and can be very small.

Election results from a recent local election are given. This is usually the local election closest to 2015 from the period 2012-2015. For multiple-member wards, the votes shown are the sum of the votes cast for all candidates of each party. A negative number indicates candidate(s) elected unopposed.

Calculation method

There are a few problems with using the raw (actual) local election results to imply general election results ward-by-ward. Firstly, turnout can be different between local and general elections, which means that the total number of local votes cast does not equal the number of votes cast in each old seat at the general election. To correct for this, we adjust the local votes to match the general election turnout. Each ward's result is scaled, whilst keeping constant the percentage support for each party, so that the total turnout adds up to the old seat's general election turnout. All wards in the old seat are assumed to have the same percentage turnout.

Because not all parties have a candidate in each ward, and sometimes there is only a single candidate elected unopposed, the local election results can understate a party's true support. To correct for this, we also use Census demography to make an alternative estimate of how the ward voted in the general election, based on any demographic differences between the ward and the seat overall.

Both method are then combined together, and the votes are subject to a final adjustment to make sure that the totals over the wards add up to the general election seat total, as they must.

Raw vote and Estimated General Election vote

The raw vote table shows the district council election results for all the wards in the seat of Blackburn. The first block shows the actual results, the second block shows the turnout-adjusted results. The final block shows the estimated general election votes for each ward after all the processes are complete.

BlackburnActual Results
DistrictWardElection
Year
CON
Votes
LAB
Votes
LIB
Votes
UKIP
Votes
Green
Votes
Other
Votes
Blackburn with DarwenAudley20159492,5980000
Blackburn with DarwenBastwell20154742,9200000
Blackburn with DarwenBeardwood with Lammack20152,0641,1640000
Blackburn with DarwenCorporation Park20155912,3730000
Blackburn with DarwenEwood20158401,5210000
Blackburn with DarwenHigher Croft20155701,283092700
Blackburn with DarwenLittle Harwood20156761,928045900
Blackburn with DarwenLivesey with Pleasington20152,6291,2240000
Blackburn with DarwenMeadowhead20151,3291,2870000
Blackburn with DarwenMill Hill20153751,08410061800
Blackburn with DarwenQueen's Park20155471,7250000
Blackburn with DarwenRoe Lee20151,0081,409060900
Blackburn with DarwenShadsworth with Whitebirk20153241,535070900
Blackburn with DarwenShear Brow20151,2342,2320000
Blackburn with DarwenWensley Fold20155751,9000000

BlackburnTurnout-adjusted Results
DistrictWardElectorate
2017
CON
Votes
LAB
Votes
LIB
Votes
UKIP
Votes
Green
Votes
Other
Votes
Total
Votes
Blackburn with DarwenAudley6,1411,0652,91700003,982
Blackburn with DarwenBastwell5,3774873,00000003,487
Blackburn with DarwenBeardwood with Lammack4,1331,71496600002,680
Blackburn with DarwenCorporation Park5,0006472,59600003,243
Blackburn with DarwenEwood4,7761,1021,99500003,097
Blackburn with DarwenHigher Croft5,3767151,60901,162003,486
Blackburn with DarwenLittle Harwood4,6716691,9070454003,030
Blackburn with DarwenLivesey with Pleasington4,5382,00893500002,943
Blackburn with DarwenMeadowhead4,0071,3201,27800002,598
Blackburn with DarwenMill Hill4,3604871,408130803002,828
Blackburn with DarwenQueen's Park4,5547112,24200002,953
Blackburn with DarwenRoe Lee4,2059081,2700549002,727
Blackburn with DarwenShadsworth with Whitebirk5,8374782,26301,045003,786
Blackburn with DarwenShear Brow5,2611,2152,19700003,412
Blackburn with DarwenWensley Fold5,0317582,50500003,263
 Total73,26714,28429,0881304,0130047,515

The turnout-adjusted results are now combined with the implied results from the Census Demography calculation, and then adjusted to match the general election totals. The results of these calculations are shown in the table below.

BlackburnEst. 2017 General Election Results
DistrictWardElectorate
2017
CON
Votes
LAB
Votes
LIB
Votes
UKIP
Votes
Green
Votes
Other
Votes
Total
Votes
Blackburn with DarwenAudley5,9227923,0853600703,983
Blackburn with DarwenBastwell5,1854222,9652600733,486
Blackburn with DarwenBeardwood with Lammack3,9861,4981,1024000412,681
Blackburn with DarwenCorporation Park4,8226582,4884400523,242
Blackburn with DarwenEwood4,6069132,1203500293,097
Blackburn with DarwenHigher Croft5,1848372,46276001123,487
Blackburn with DarwenLittle Harwood4,5057122,2084500653,030
Blackburn with DarwenLivesey with Pleasington4,3761,6581,1837100312,943
Blackburn with DarwenMeadowhead3,8649771,5593300292,598
Blackburn with DarwenMill Hill4,2055552,07211600852,828
Blackburn with DarwenQueen's Park4,3926352,287700242,953
Blackburn with DarwenRoe Lee4,0558971,6867200732,728
Blackburn with DarwenShadsworth with Whitebirk5,6295863,02859001123,785
Blackburn with DarwenShear Brow5,0749682,395800413,412
Blackburn with DarwenWensley Fold4,8526742,5104100383,263
 Total73,26712,78233,1507090087547,515

Predicted ward-by-ward votes for Blackburn

This table shows the predicted general election result broken down over each ward in the seat of Blackburn.

BlackburnPredicted Results
DistrictWardElectorate
2017
CON
Votes
LAB
Votes
LIB
Votes
UKIP
Votes
Green
Votes
Other
Votes
Total
Votes
Blackburn with DarwenAudley5,9226583,0453812448703,983
Blackburn with DarwenBastwell5,1853512,930277629733,486
Blackburn with DarwenBeardwood with Lammack3,9861,4081,075428432412,682
Blackburn with DarwenCorporation Park4,8225492,4554610139523,242
Blackburn with DarwenEwood4,6068092,089379737293,098
Blackburn with DarwenHigher Croft5,1847192,42778109421123,487
Blackburn with DarwenLittle Harwood4,5056102,177479537653,031
Blackburn with DarwenLivesey with Pleasington4,3761,5591,153739236312,944
Blackburn with DarwenMeadowhead3,8648891,533348131292,597
Blackburn with DarwenMill Hill4,2054612,0431188734852,828
Blackburn with DarwenQueen's Park4,3925352,25799236242,953
Blackburn with DarwenRoe Lee4,0558051,658748533732,728
Blackburn with DarwenShadsworth with Whitebirk5,6294872,9906198381123,786
Blackburn with DarwenShear Brow5,0748532,3601010641413,411
Blackburn with DarwenWensley Fold4,8525642,4774310239383,263
 Total73,26711,25732,6697371,42955287547,519

Please note that general election results and electorates are not officially made available ward-by-ward. The numbers shown are our best estimates for these figures, but are not official.


© 2017 Martin Baxter
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